Refugees and migrants try to shelter where they are hidden from authorities yet also close to Reception Center for migrants (‘Centre de Premier Accueil’) at Porte de la Chapelle in Paris. At the Reception Center migrants can start their asylum application and organisations providing support to migrants have also established themselves around the center.
The situation has become considerably more difficult for migrants in Paris since the destruction of camps on the 18th August 2017 where more than 2,700 people were living around Porte de la Chapelle. Since then they are constantly moved on and hassled at night by authorities. Refugees and migrants are forced to hide if they are to get sleep at night and are often without a duvet, any kind of covers or a tent.
Ibrahim*, from Sudan, told MSF medical teams:
“The rain and the police make it unbearable here. The rain forces us to huddle under bridges and once we’ve set up shelter the police turn up and tell us to move on. Since I left Sudan and have been on the move, police have continually followed me. I didn’t think the treatment would also be the same in France. Here we have nowhere to sleep. As soon as we sit somewhere the police arrive and tell us to move. In the middle of the night that wake us up and make us move. Each time we ask them “Move on, but where to? Where can we go?” Every time they tell us “I don’t know, just leave”. I don’t have any other option but to claim asylum here.”
Invisible to the local population and isolated on the streets of Paris, access to basic health care and services is becoming more and more difficult for the refugees and migrants. Every day, in our clinics and through assessments on the streets, our medical teams see the health of migrants getting worse. This is especially true now that winter is approaching and as they are without any chance of getting access to proper shelter and basic services.
Corinne Torre, Head of Mission in France for MSF says:
“The temperature has dropped and migrants are still living on the streets without a housing solution. Their only solution is to use public bathhouse facilities but they often have to pay for these and sometimes they are turned away. Because of the terrible conditions they face there is a real risk of an increase in skin infections and scabies”.
The policy of making it difficult for refugees and migrants to claim asylum, constantly moving them on sits alongside a severe lack of information available to them. This makes people who are already very fragile, often having gone through a traumatic journey to get to Paris, even more vulnerable. The French state is trying to deny refugees and migrants of their basic needs instead of creating an environment where they are welcomed with dignity and respect as people.
Jemal, from Ethiopia, has been in Paris for one month. He says:
“This situation is absurd and I’ve known refugee camps in Africa. There, the UN camps can be chaotic and precarious, but at least most of the time we have a tent, something to eat, access to information and we are safe. Here the only information we get is rumours and the police persecute us as if we were criminals.”
MSF and MDM are calling for immediate and unconditional access to humane shelter for refugees and migrants as well as the end of police harassment.
Dr Francoise Sivignon, President of Médecins du Monde in France says:
“As winter arrives, this is not the time to pay lip service to this issue. Migrants urgently need access to shelters and we need to see the opening of more reception centers soon. It is essential that migrants are protected and get the tailored support they need. Public authorities must act as quickly as possible.”
*names have been changed